On Sunday morning (13), when many people were resting, the Regional Labor Court of the 1st Region (TRT/RJ) released a note about the verification of a fraud. Using a digital certificate on behalf of a judge, criminals managed to embezzle R$ 4 million of a court rod.
The fraudulent action was identified on Thursday (10). The following day, TRT/RJ’s electronic license payment systems were paralyzed, as a precaution. The suspension lasted until the afternoon of this Monday (14), when this news was published.
Perhaps because there was a decrease in activities due to the holiday on November 15 (Proclamation of the Republic), the inconvenience caused by the suspension is still not numerous. However, there is no forecast for the standardization of the systems.
according to a letter issued by Edith Tourinho, Judge President of TRT-1, eight fraudulent permits were issued at the 80th Labor Court of Rio de Janeiro. All were based on a digital certificate containing the credentials of the judge in charge of the court.
The document also informs that the sum of the values of the problematic permits exceeds R$ 4 million.
To prevent further fraud, the TRT/RJ paralyzed the operation of the Financial Interoperability System (SIF) and the Judicial Deposit Control System (SisconDJ). The first is linked to Banco do Brasil; the second, to Caixa Econômica Federal. Both are used precisely for issuing court permits.
To Estadão, Minister Lelio Bentes, president of the Superior Labor Court (TST), informed that the investigation is being carried out in secrecy. But some details of this work are already known.
The official letter issued by Judge Tourinho states that the Department of Information and Communication Technology (STI) of the TRT/RJ identified 17 suspicious digital certificates, all attributed to magistrates and court servants.
It is also known that the eight fraudulent licenses have as beneficiary a legal entity with a CNPJ issued in recent months. Furthermore, this legal entity is not involved in the processes corresponding to the permits.
Under these circumstances, the possibility of fraud is taken for granted.
TST says systems were not hacked
Minister Lelio Bentes told the Estadão that there was no invasion of TST systems, but an action of “ideological falsehood”. The crime would have been carried out through the dispatch of digital certificates outside the Labor Court. This is “an issue to be investigated within the scope of certifying companies”, he added. Bentes goes further:
Although this is an absolutely anomalous situation, because the relationship with the certifying companies has always been a relationship of trust, this situation obviously points in the direction of going deeper, increasing the level of security in the use of these certifications.
THE note released by TRT/RJ it also asserts that the court systems were not violated. The document even explains that the Electronic Judicial Process (PJe) system continues to function.
The TRT/RJ has already communicated the problem to the Federal Police and the Federal Public Ministry (MPF). There were also notifications to the Superior Council of Labor Justice (CSJT) and the National Data Protection Agency (ANPD).
The bank accounts that received the diverted amounts are being tracked. But identifying those responsible is only part of the job. The investigation also needs to find out how the fraud was carried out to prevent further fraud.
Judge Guilherme Feliciano, former president of the National Association of Labor Justice Magistrates (Anamatra), told the Estadão that a duplicate digital certificate would not be sufficient for fraud. Knowledge of the processes involved and a specific password as well.
So much so that, for the magistrate, the participation of people linked to the certifying entity itself is not ruled out.
With information: Estadão🇧🇷 Conjuration🇧🇷