THE Anatel determined an obligation-to-do sanction for the Alive, and the operator should invest at least R$ 45.15 million in expanding mobile coverage with 4G in districts and locations that are not yet served by the technology. The amount was converted from a fine that should be charged to the provider.
Anatel’s sanction does not specify which locations need to be covered, but the agency imposes a list for the operator to choose where to invest — check the link on the agency’s website. These locations cannot be served by sharing (RAN Sharing), swapping, renting networks, industrial exploration contracts or other contractual means.
Therefore, Vivo is obliged to take all the necessary infrastructure to activate 4G in these locations. Anatel also requires that at least 70% of the amount be invested in locations located in the Northeast region, and at least 60% of the amount be allocated to regions within the first population quartile.
With the sanction, Anatel hopes to improve 4G coverage in locations that are not yet served by the technology, especially those located in the Northeast region. The agency also signed a Term of Conduct Adjustment (TAC) with TIM for service improvement.
Vivo will receive a fine if it does not comply with the decision
Anatel stipulated a period of 60 days for Vivo to inform the agency of its option for the sanction of obligation to do. The operator must also inform the locations chosen for the execution of the punishment.
If Vivo refuses the expansion of 4G in the localities, Anatel will apply a fine with the amount of the sanction. If the operator accepts the obligation, it must present proof of installation of the new infrastructure within 30 days after the end of the stipulated installation period.
The problem is that the deadline stipulated by Anatel is long: the agency determines compliance with the sanction until January 20, 2025.
5G auction forces operators to expand 4G
Thanks to the 5G auction, Claro, TIM and Vivo should also expand 4G coverage in localities. When finishing the 2.3 GHz band, the operators have committed to cover 7,340 non-headquarters locations with fourth-generation technology, including cities, towns, isolated urban areas and rural conurbations.
Speaking of number of cities, TIM is the operator with the greatest 4G coverage, with signal in 5,090 cities, followed by Vivo (4,607) and Claro (3,178). When talking about 5G, the numbers are quite different: only the capitals are served, with less than 6% of mobile antennas.